The Modern Manipulation of Facts – Hannah Arendt

Hannah Arendt Discusses the phenomena of the modern form of lying in section IV of her work titled Truth in Politics. Throughout this post, I will discuss the difference between what she calls “the modern manipulation of fact” (308) and the “traditional lie” in politics. Furthermore, I will delve deeper into the consequences of this …

Plato vs. Aristotle – Happiness, Virtue, a Just Society

  Aristotle and Plato hold different models of what they consider ethical and moral grounds. And both set out to find the ideal society which would enable us to attain the best human life possible. First, we must understand what happiness means to these philosophers. Eudaimonia, (Aristotle's term for the highest good, personal happiness to …

Empiricism Vs. Scientific Realism. – What’s the debate?

Bas c. van Frasseen is the inventor of constructive empiricism, and is known for stirring up the debate of terms between empiricism and scientific realism. Van Frasseen argues that experimental data is nothing more nor less than a representation of an observable fragment of a fundamentally unobservable universe. Meaning that it does not necessarily mean …

Spinoza Metaphysics “Nothing exists outside of G-d” – In a Nutshell

Spinoza believed that G-d is the only substance which exists and thus, is not separate from nature. His argument then states that if there were to be other substances besides g-d then that would mean that it would have to share or have some attributes in common with G-d. Who has all the attributes. Spinoza …